Reinforcement: Introduction & Practice

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Reinforcement: Introduction & Practice

Reinforcement is used to increase the chances a learner with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) will use a target skill or behavior. This module targets the basic rules of positive reinforcement and provides interactive case activities for discussing a plan for, using, and monitoring reinforcement. 

The module was developed specifically for paraprofessionals working with elementary school students (ages 5-12) with ASD. However, special education teachers, general education teachers, other practitioners, and family members find the video examples and activity-based scenarios helpful. The corresponding Home Companion Guide may be especially helpful for families interested in using reinforcement at home.

What Will I Learn?

The AFIRM module guides the learner through:

  • Types of reinforcement, including positive reinforcement and token economy
  • How to support learners with ASD by using reinforcement
  • Activity-based scenarios that promote real-world application of reinforcement.

The Reinforcement: Introduction & Practice module will take approximately 1.5 to 2 hours to complete.

Suggested citation:
Sam, A., Savage, M., Steinbrenner, J., Morgan, W., Chin, J., & AFIRM for Paras Team. (2020). Reinforcement: Introduction & Practice. FPG Child Development Institute, University of North Carolina. Retrieved from

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